A Quick Guide To 2 Common Types Of Retinal Surgery

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If you have recently experienced retinal detachment, the only way to preserve your vision is to have prompt surgery to re-attach it. However, there are different types of surgery that may be suggested and it is a good idea to understand the risks and benefits of common procedures. In addition, it is important to note that as soon as the nerve fibers located in the rear of the eye begin to detach from the eye,retinal detachment has started and your vision will worsen. You should expect to undergo surgery within days of the event, so do not allow any unnecessary delays.

#1-Has Scleral Buckling Surgery Been Suggested?

Scleral buckling surgery addresses a retinal break by flattening the retina and closing the open areas. It is named due to its use of the scleral buckle, which is a small, silicone-based item that your doctor will sew to the outside of your eye. It becomes a permanent part of your eye and its presence forces the sclera, where it attaches, toward the middle portion of your eye.

Because it relieves the retinal traction, the tear moves and the problem can be addressed. Depending on the severity of the injury, the eyeball may be entirely encompassed by the buckle or it may be present behind where the detachment occurred. The eye doctor will use directed, extreme heat, cold or light to form a preliminary seal between the retina and the buckle. That seal further protects your vision by maintaining the separation of your different parts of the eye, and preventing the spread of fluid.

#2-Or Is Pneumatic Retinopexy A Better Option?

Pneumatic retinopexy is an appropriate procedure under certain circumstances. If the detachment occurred because of a single tear or if there are several, smaller breaks that are near each other, your eye doctor may recommend this surgery. In addition, the damage must have occurred in the top portion of your retina, due to the unique requirements of your recovery.

During the surgery, your doctor will insert a gas bubble into the middle of the eyeball. At that time, you are likely to be awake and under local anesthetic, with your head placed in such a way so that the bubble will move to the damaged area. When it touches the detached retina, the doctor uses a freezing probe or laser beam to close the retina tear. In about 7-21 days, the bubble flattens the retina, forcing a seal to develop between it and the eye wall.

During the recovery, your head will have to maintain a specific position much of the day and night, so that the bubble does not move. Eventually, the gas bubble and any fluid will be absorbed by the repaired and functional eye.

In conclusion, retinal detachment will require an immediate surgery in order to save your vision. By understanding the two most common types of retinal surgery, you can be a more informed patient and therefore, the procedure may be easier to endure and recover from. To learn more, speak with someone like Coastal Eye Group PC.